(Fruit production technology, tissue culture and post-harvest handling and plant sciences etc….). Besides food, it also adds aesthetic value through gardens and green spaces. Fruits and vegetables are a great source of nutrition. Ornamental horticulture Ornamental horticulture consists of floriculture and landscape horticulture. For instance, it takes over 18 months to grow shrubs. More importantly, food security is a measure of the availability and easy access to food. Horticulture is one of the important sectors of agriculture, which consists of fruits, flowers, vegetables, spices, tuber crops, mushrooms, bamboo, plantation crops, and medicinal and aromatic plants (Sonah et al., 2011). Horticulture is an aesthetic science that deals with the important crops which are grown in the gardens e.g. Use plants for the beautification of houses. Whatâs more, in some countries certain plants hold religious importance. At the time, settlers began talking of the importance of having an agricultural college and early founders established one in Glencoe, MN. Especially, the hardy ornamental plants. Horticulture, the branch of plant agriculture dealing with garden crops, generally fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants. The Importance of Horticulture Horticulture boasts great popularity in the United States and throughout the world. Nutrition In Banana And Health Benefits Of Banana, Indoor Plants Definition And Benefits Of Indoor Plants, Ornamental Horticulture And Landscape Horticulture, High Fiber Food And Benefits Of High Fiber Food. Over the past few years, there have been amazing. As a result, growers have developed techniques that allow them to supply crops year-round. 1. Horticulturists apply knowledge, skills, and technologies to grow intensively produced plants for human food and non-food uses and for personal or social needs. (deals with the vegetables and seeds of vegetables), (deals with plants for aesthetic gratification), . Marketing of horticultural products and produce. It also increases foreign exchange earning achieved through the export of produce. Per Unit Area Yield is High: As compared to the field crops per hectare yield of horticulture crops is very high. Naturally, it plays a vital role in the industryâs growth in the following ways: Notably, horticulture produce like fruits and vegetables are full of nutrition. All focus groups agreed that horticulture is an extremely important field that is often undervalued and misunderstood; all felt that the public does not fully value and understand horticulture. Hence, horticulture is vital for the economy due to its productivity instead of size. Horticultural crops are diverse; they include annual and perennial species, delicious fruits and vegetables, and decorative indoor and landscape plants. Land occupied by the horticultural industry is limited. As the demand for quality organic produce grows, the industry continues to flourish. Its equally important to raise awareness on the importance of horticulture in our lives. Besides, there is always room for innovation and technology advancements in the industry. It impacts or determines plant growth and development. Such as banana or mango leaves, bamboo stems and wood. Whatâs more, it helps raise awareness of a healthy diet through nutritious fruits and vegetables. They are rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins and fibre which is good for digestion. Thatâs exactly why horticulture is important. Increased production of fruits vegetable to meet the population need is an important part of. work in the field of horticulture can be physically demanding and repetitious, and may be performed in all types of weathers. Just taking a walk in a garden or any other green spaces has amazing health benefits. Another key point, horticulture supports a wide range of industries such as: And many others who may be directly or indirectly involved. With a large variety of fruits, vegetables, herbs and other plants. Since the industry produces a wide range of produce, it supports many skilled professionals. There are many pros and cons to the horticulture industry, but in reality, it makes people happy to be in nature and as horticultrists, we get to provide that for people whom otherwise would not have a chance to be in such a beautiful place or eat the food that they do. Besides, they also need to estimate the amount of produce to meet consumer demands. Ultimately, horticulture is the efficient and practical use of resources to increase yield. The green industry creates lots of opportunities for job seekers and business owners. Most growers learn about the market and adapt to the ever-changing consumer demands. Cultivation of these crops is an intensive labor which generated employment opportunities for the rural population. paddy gives a maximum yield of only 30 q/ha, while Banana gives 300 to … Horticultural crops are an important party of the diverse agro-ecological conditions in the Indian agricultural economy. Sustainable agriculture is the production of food, fiber, or other plant or animal products using special farming techniques. Classification of Horticultural Crops From time to time, horticultural crops have been classified into various groups depending on their growth habits, cultivation requirements, climatic needs and uses. From specialist growers, inspectors, retailers, regulatory authorities to suppliers and equipment distributors. From: Genetic Engineering of Horticultural Crops, 2018 Moreover, itâs the most sustainable way to add value to our lives. In terms of nutrition, horticulture is important in our lives. Gender equality: Its very common for women to work in the Horticulture industry. This is one of them. According to an American horticultural scholar “Horticulture is growing of flowers, fruits and vegetables and of plants for ornament and fancy.”. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Importance of Horticulture. For more details, read my article âWhat does a horticulturist do?â. Horticultural crops can play a vital role in solving this global micronutrient crisis and in return increases incomes and job opportunities, particularly for women. Unlike agricultural crops like pulses and cereals, the profit per square foot is much higher. Besides, itâs a great alternative to agriculture and to diversify income. Generally, export of high value produce brings foreign exchange to the country. It’s the major source of fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants. The per hectare yield of horticultural crops is very high in comparison to the other field crops. Horticulture enriches diets: Horticulture — specifically, growing fruits and vegetables — provides critical nutrients for a balanced diet. Both are the branches or fields of biology, in Horticulture, we deal with the small scale gardening and usually enclosed gardens through this are not a necessity. Horticulture has a vital role in our food chain. Most of the horticulture crops are cash crops. Plants also used as medicine to treat or cure diseases. Hortus means garden and Culture means knowledge of growing these crops. To get different herbs for improving health. © 2020 Vibrant Horticulture. And so is their nutritional value. Essentially, providing a better quality of life with an improved environment and air quality. And this is how many businesses have grown significantly. Required fields are marked *. This aspect of. What is horticulture and the importance of horticulture degree?? Growers need to design a supply schedule of delivery periods. Especially, if the grower is dealing with a major retailer. Not only viewing plants, but consuming plant produce like fruits and vegetables enrich our diets. At the same time, it helps in economic growth. many tasks that a Horticulturist can perform, techniques that allow them to supply crops year-round, vital nutrients for a balanced and healthy diet, taking care of plants is a good exercise and a therapeutic activity, technological advancements in the industry, Post-harvest operations like canning and preservation, Medical practitioners relying on medicinal plants, Innovations and Technology: Because of its complex nature, there will always be unique and innovative solutions to challenges. Particular benefits of an active interest in gardening include: Horticulture is the study of plant physiology and plant propagation. Importance Of Sustainable Agriculture | In-depth Guide. Make sure to share this article with friends and family. Horticulture has a vital role in our food chain. 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